From: David Lynch <dnl1960 at yahoo.com>

To: Jeff Tollaksen <tollakse at chapman.edu>

Cc: Yakir Aharonov <aharonov at chapman.edu>; Paul Davies <deepthought at asu.edu>;

Eyal Amitai <eyal.amitai at nasa.gov>; Petr Horava <horava at berkeley.edu>;

Theodore A. Jacobson <jacobson at physics.umd.edu>; Jan Ambjørn <ambjorn
at nbi.dk>

Sent: Sat, March 20, 2010 6:50:19 AM

Subject: Airy-Fairy Philosophy: The Trapezoid of Time

Jeff,

Congratulations on the article in Discover magazine titled "Back From
the Future".

The position that future events can have an affect on past
events is truly mind boggling.

Yet I am with you 100 percent, and I may have
developed a tool that can help others grasp this far reaching concept.

Due to a serious car wreck on 19 Jun 1977, my view of the world was permanently
altered.

Then on 16 Sept 2003, my position was suddenly flipped into the reverse.

From that September day, my life has been devoted to finding a language and
a tool that can be used to describe my new understanding of time.

The new language is a mathematical axiom,
-c>∞<c+, that eliminates the
old mathematical axiom,

-∞<0.0<∞+,
by replacing the infinites
that cause such problems in solving equations.

The new tool is a quantum mirror
built
in the spirit of Hegel that uses the energy of Einstein, the force of Newton,

and the logic of Socrates, to describe a moment of time. Below is a link to
a video of me drawing what I call a KnoWell. Time is a Trapezoid..

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKEqgptciLc

Below is a simple drawing exercise that results in a basic trapezoid.

Below
the drawing exercise, is a series of emails that explain in detail the new
mathematical axiom,

and a model of the universe derived by using logic of the
KnoWell tool.

To draw the trapezoid of time, take a blank sheet of 8.5”x11” paper. Lay the paper in the landscape orientation on a drawing surface..

At the top, center, one fourth the way down, draw a two inch line parallel
to the top edge of the piece of paper with one inch on each side of the center.

At the bottom, center, one fourth the way up, draw a six inch line parallel
to the bottom edge of the piece of paper with three inches on each side of
the center.

Draw a line from the top left end point of the top line to the bottom left
end point of the bottom line.

Draw a line from the top right end point of the top line to the bottom right
end point of the bottom line.

You now have a Trapezoid.

Label the center of top line with a “ M ” for
moment. This line segment is the length of a single moment.

In reality, this
line segment is
just a fraction of a fraction of a fraction. Itty. Bitty.

Label the center of the bottom line segment with a “ T ” for Time.
This line segment is the length of all time.

In reality, this line segment
is nearly endless.

Label the center of the left line segment, that joins the top and bottom line
segments together, with a “ P ” for Past.

This line segment is
for the totality of all that has past.

In reality, this line segment grows
by one half the length of the moment segment at each and every moment.

Label the center of the right segment, that joins the top and bottom line segments
together, with a “ F ” for Future.

This line segment is for the
totality of all that is to come.

In reality, this line segment grows by one
half the length of the moment segment at each and every moment.

Label the top left corner with a “ FM ” for
Future Moment. At the moment, the future is in the past.

Label the top right corner with a “ PM ” for Past Moment. At the
moment, the past is in the future.

Label the bottom left corner with a “ PT ” for Past Time. Marking
the point of all past time.

Label the bottom right corner with a “ FT ” for Future Time. Marking
the point of all future time.

While the Past and Future lines grow at each and every moment,

the Time line
is pushed farther and farther away from the Moment line,

and the Time line
grows towards the Past line and Future line at each and every moment.

Thus
is the expansion of the Universe.

Your thoughts are most welcome,

David Noel Lynch

----- Forwarded Message ----

From: David Lynch <dnl1960 at yahoo.com>

To: Katherine Freese <ktfreese at umich.edu>

Cc: Matthew G. Brown <brownmg at umich.edu>; William H. Kinney <whkinney at buffalo.edu>;

Corrado Ruscica <corrado at corradoruscica.it>; Fred Partus <fpartus at yahoo.com>

Sent: Tue, February 23, 2010 4:37:38 PM

Subject: The Phantom Bounce: A New Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology

Hello,

While sitting at a bar in the summer of 2004, I turned to a friend and just
blurted out, "Can entropy bounce?'

With little delay his response was
a resounding, "No." Turing to him with a serious look on my face,

I said, "I think entropy bounces like the wings of a butterfly. Like the
oscillations of Hoyle‘s Steady State"

Sadly by invoking Hoyle, it was like I had committed
a cardinal sin. I had questioned the validity of Big Bang theory.

I was not
willing to just say, “No“,
so I kept working on my hypothesis that entropy was in a state of flux.

Over the years, I have been searching for threads that
can be woven in to my theory.

Last night, I picked up the current Scientific
American, and I noticed
the article regarding “Dark Stars”.

An interesting position not
adequately described in the article, so I went to your website looking for
a detailed paper.

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~ktfreese/

What caught my eye was a pleasant surprise, “The Phantom Bounce: A New
Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology”.

http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0802/0802.2583v2.pdf

Finally someone out there has provided a professional look at the possibility
that entropy does indeed bounce.

The Phantom Bounce paper does a great job
of explaining how the current Big Bang theory could have a phantom component
that causes entropy to bounce.

Setting in the stage for an oscillating universe.

As you KnoWell, for any theory to gain acceptance in the scientific community,
the language of mathematics must be invoked to express said theory.

The Phantom
Bounce paper does a great job providing equations that express the phantom
force in the states of expansion and contraction.

From negative infinity to
positive infinity including a nudge factor to allow the crossing of the 0.0
threshold.

I firmly Bleave that the Phantom Bounce theory is on the correct path.

That
quantum loop gravity and super string branes are at work in the creation of
the universe.

Where I differ is that the language of mathematics has lead science
astray. That the number line is the reason that science has yet to crack the
code.

Yet to step outside of the axioms of mathematics to express a theory
is pure insanity.

What I ask of you in to look in the quantum mirror.. Ask yourself, since the
universe is made of atoms, what can be nothing?

Even Phantom Bounce must deal
with the special case of 0.0. Also since the universe is made of atoms, what
can be infinite?

Again, Phantom Bounce has to deal with the abstract of a singularity.

A solution to this paradox is to replace the zero point
zero on the number line with infinity.

At the negative and positive ends
where the infinities
are currently positioned, place a negative and positive c, speed of light.

Under this mathematical model, the Phantom Bounce does not occur at each end
of the Universe cycle, but in the very center.

At each and every moment what
appears to be the Big Bang is the constant collision between quantum loops
of gravity and super string branes.

The result is a Steady Bang Big State Universe.
-SB>∞<BS+

"Mathematics, -∞<0.0<∞+,
has lead theorists to a BLeaf in a Big Bang.....

Using the mathematical axiom,
-c>∞<c+, the Universe becomes
a steady state system." ~ 3K

Below is a letter that I sent to Fay Dowker in response to her answer to
brane Cox's question "What is time?".

In the below letter, I express
how the above mathematical axiom, -c>∞<c+ explains the observed universe.

Best wishes,

David Noel Lynch

----- Forwarded Message ----

From: David Lynch <dnl1960 at yahoo.com>

To: Fay Dowker <f.dowker at imperial.ac.uk>

Cc: Neil Turok <N.G.Turok at damtp.cam.ac.uk>; Brian Cox <Brian.Cox at cern.ch>;
Peter Ware Higgs <P.W.Higgs at ed.ac.uk>

Sent: Thu, February 4, 2010 5:43:46 AM

Subject: a >Grain∞Brane< w

Fay,

Bravo. Brilliant. Namaste.

In the Brian Cox video, “What is time?”, based on Grain theory,

you suggest that the smooth space time of Einstein’s General Relativity
Continuum is actually bitty or granular.

In the same video, based on the theory
of brane Worlds, Neil Turok says,

“ I think, time probably, has always
been there, and always will be there.”

While Grain theory is clearly a very dynamic way to look at time, brane theory
is nearly a static way to look at time.

To express this duality, orthodox theorists
could use the General Relativity Space Time Continuum as the benchmark.

While
Grain theory requires a fragmented continuum, brane theory works well with
a smooth continuum.

Since Grain theory requires a serious modification to
General Relativity,

a fundamental scientist will shy away from Grain theory
and lean towards brane
theory.

As you KnoWell, scientific discovery is a cumulative process,

and fragmenting
the smooth space time continuum is a tall order to fill.

Like when Einstein
derived his equations that explained the orbit of Mercury,

his method was to
augment Newton’s equations for gravity, not replace them.

In much the
same way, Grain theory must modify Einstein’s General Relativity.

"Your theory is crazy, but it's not crazy enough to be true." ~ Niels Bohr

One solution to the fragmentation problem could be resolved by finding the
Higgs Boson.

Till then, maybe there is a way to fragment the space time continuum
with a couple of branes.

However; to use nearly static branes to resolve the
nearly dynamic Grains is counter intuitive.

Especially considering the multitude
of observations that strongly suggest that gravity is warping the space time
continuum in a direct relationship to mass.

To complicate the situation, we
must keep in mind the theory of inflation to explain the uniformity in the
background radiation,

the theory of dark matter to explain the missing mass,
and the theory dark energy to explain the current acceleration in the expansion
of the Universe.

As letters can be arranged into words, numbers can be
arranged into equations.

In doing so, both words and equations gain meaning.
From scientific peer reviews,
equations gain meaning,.

From these reviewed equations, new concepts can be
abstracted that will change the course of human knowledge.

Since the language
chosen by science to convey concepts is mathematics, any postulate must conform
to the standard axioms of mathematics.

Using the most basic tool, -∞<0.0<∞+,
the number line, below is a verbal abstraction that will ultimately combine
the two infinities of the number line into one singular infinity.

This new
axiom of mathematics, “ -c>∞<c+ ”, explains how to get Grains
from branes.

Using the analogy of a number line, place “brane a”, alpha, on
the negative side, and place “brane w”, omega, on the positive
side.

As in Neil’s brane Worlds theory, collide the two branes. “brane
a”, with a velocity of the speed of light, moves in a positive direction,
c+,

and “brane w”, with a velocity of the speed of light, moves
in a negative direction, c-.

Each brane traverses the number line to the 0.0
point where “brane a” collides with “brane w”.

Unlike Neil’s replenishing and bouncing of branes, “brane a” and “brane
w” are continually passing through each other exchanging information.

The resultant is an infinitesimal creation of space that is reflected in time
by a Grain that adheres to Einstein’s E=mc^2.

The Big Bang is a Steady
State process that is induced by this constant collision of “brane a”,
Dark Energy, and “brane w”, Dark Matter.

Using the analogy of time, “brane a” resides in a particle state
that can be called the past, and “brane w” resides in a wave state
that can be called the future.

The arrow of time is a dual function of the
past’s particles that are derived from the future’s waves, and
the future’s waves are the inversion of the past’s particles.

The
so called “Now” occurs at the infinitesimal 0.0 point where the
two branes collide producing Grains.

This process or “Rain” can
be expressed by using Einstein’s General Relativity Continuum equations.

The "Rain" theory stands on top of Einstein’s shoulders suggesting
that at the number line’s 0.0 point, all of time merges, only for an
brief instant,

into one “Future-Present-Past” bundle of time. This
miraculous combination of three time states can be described as the infinite
one, the EinSof point.

The mechanics behind the collision of “brane a” with “brane
w” rests in the duality between negative and positive.

An attraction.,
a magnetism, between Dark Energy’s strong force that is interchanging
with Dark Matter‘s weak force.

The result is a Grain that is forever
trapped between an extrusion outward from inner space, and a collapsing inward
from outer space.

As “brane a”, exchanges places with “brane
w”, the force of the collision causes friction that gives rise to all
rotations in the Universe.

This harmonic relationship between “Brian
a” and “brane w” is why the background radiation appears
to be so uniform.

In this model, the motive force behind “brane a” is control, and
the motive force behind “brane w” is chaos.

Control may take the
form of quantum loops of gravity, and chaos may take the form of a Dirac sea
of pre-particles.

Projecting through “brane a”, the transitional
barrier could be the speed of light, and projecting through “brane w”,
the outer barrier could be absolute zero.

Beyond “brane a”, would
be the domain of perfect control, and beyond “brane w” would be
pure chaos.

Thus “brane a” is a collection of standard model subatomic
particles, and “brane w“ is a Dirac sea filled with pre-particles.

On a cosmic scale this effect can been observed around
galaxies in the form of what current theories postulate is evidence of Dark
Matter.

As emerging
particles from the central black hole radiate symmetrical emission lines, chaotic
waves are aligned into harmonics.

As more and more emerging particle’s
radiate lines of symmetry, more and more chaotic waves stack up on top of each
other creating compression zones.

These compression zones are evident in the
star light bending around massive objects. The more massive the object, the
more wave energy collapsing in from outer space.

Thus the more the star light
bends. The compression of outer space trying to reach inner space, causes gravity
to warp the space time continuum.

At the “Rain” precipitation threshold, “brane
a”, in particle form, and “brane w” in wave form, interchange
information resulting the creation of a Grain.

Gravity is a push caused by the collapse of outer space,
and the friction between “brane a” and “brane w” is
what causes each Grain to be formed.

As the new Grain particle radiates,
the Universe continues
to heat up from the current 3K.

This creation of Grains, that add more radiation
to the Universe, is what causes the continued acceleration.

The counter balance
to the acceleration is the collapse of outer space.

As outer space collapses,
the light from distant stars is stretched causing the observed red shift making
the Universe appear to be cooling.

The duality suggests that the Big Bang requires
a Steady State system to exploit.

Welcome to the “Rain” paradox.

"Mathematics, -∞<0.0<∞+,
has lead theorists to a BLeaf in a Big Bang.....

Using the mathematical axiom,
-c>∞<c+, the Universe becomes
a steady state system." ~ 3K

To be able to envision this new Universe view,

I present to you a quantum
mirror built in the spirit of Hegel that uses the energy of Einstein, the
force of Newton, and the logic of Socrates,

to describe a moment of time.
Below is a link to a video of me drawing what I call a KnoWell. Time is a
Trapezoid..

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKEqgptciLc

Since few people will entertain conversations that questioned the validity
of the big bang, I turned to expressing myself using abstract art.

Teachers
always want their students to show their work. Below is a link to an image
of how I derived the KnoWell equation. The original image is 4'x8'.

http://www.lynchphoto.com/elohim.html

Below is a link to an image that shows how the KnoWell is extrapolated out
of Newton's logic.

http://www.lynchphoto.com/disney.html

I have created 2.75 terabytes of images and art. Below is a link to the KnoWell
expressed in set notation.

http://www.lynchphoto.com/wreck.html

"N Sanity is a funny state, one never quite knows when they have arrived." ~
3K

http://www.lynchphoto.com/question.html

Brian Cox asks,“What time is it?”

“
I have no Earthly idea.” ~3K

Best wishes,

David Noel Lynch